The Gallipoli Campaign

Activities

• How will you commemorate Anzac Day? What commemorative events will take place in your school and town? List the symbols that will be used.


• Some wars are fought from control rooms and the air with no face to face combat, in 1915 war was bloody and personal as it still is in many countries. Study our exposure to violence, both remote and personal, in the media. Write conclusions to the question: "Have we become desensitized to violence?"


• In two columns write the positive and negative aspects of war and draw your own conclusions.


• Find an example of war in the newspaper. Locate the countries or cities on a map. Does the story tell you both sides of the argument? Suggest three non-violent solutions to the conflict.


• Australian's provided a strong force during World War 1. Study one campaign and write a letter home as if you were there describing your situation.


• History is much more than dates and events, it is also about the effect an event has on people's lives. For example a description of a mother's anguish at the death of a son in 1915 reveals more about the human cost than a note in a textbook saying thousands died in Gallipoli. Find a personal aspect to a war and record it in a manner that makes reading it seem real, use pictures, quotes, slogans, etc.


• Find out about the role of organisations that help people during war and conflict such as the Red Cross.


• List 'patriotism' theme words and find icons to represent these. Combine the words and icons on a patriotic flag.


• Poems capture images and feelings in very few words. Write a poem about Gallipoli describing the place, the events and your feelings.


• Design a campaign poster. The purpose could be to rally support for the war, encourage people to enlist, promote peaceful solutions to the conflict, etc.

Websites

Visit Gallipoli

www.anzacsite.gov.au
Posted by the Department of Veteran's Affairs this site offers an overview of the campaign, personal accounts from the front, details about the memorials at Gallipoli and information on visiting the historic battlefields today.

About.com Military History- World War I

http://militaryhistory.about.com/cs/worldwari1/
Gives a good overview of World War I, with in depth articles on major campaigns such as Gallipoli.

Gallipoli 1915: The Drama of the Dardanelles

www.iwm.org.uk/online/gallipoli/
An online exhibit by the British Imperial War Museum. Includes an overview of the campaign, the planning, and breakdowns of each area of operations.

Anzac soldiers killed at Gallipoli

www.anzacs.org/
A unique site with biographical information on every soldier who died during the Gallipoli campaign.

First World War.Org

http://www.greatwar.org/
Covers all aspects of the Great War. But you will need to do a search for articles on Gallipoli.

Australian War Memorial

www.awm.gov.au/atwar/index.htm
An overview of all the battles in which Australians have taken part, with a special emphasis on Gallipoli.

Books

The Encyclopaedia of Australia's Battles

By Chris Coulthard-Clark

Contains concise entries on Australia's military involvement from the Maori Wars to Timor. Including good coverage of the Gallipoli campaign.

Gallipoli
By Les Carlyon

The most recent, and one of the most comprehensive books on the Gallipoli campaign. Written with character insights as poetic as a novel it may not win the vote of historians but it is still a good reference source and a very good read.


A Fortunate Life

By A.B. Facey

Facey's autobiography includes an account of his time at Gallipoli. A great source for the soldier's eye view of battle.


Soldier Boy

By Anthony Hill

The story of James Martin, a 14 year old that lied about his age in order to enlist in the First World War. Martin was sent to Gallipoli where he became one of the most tragic casualties in a tragic campaign.

World War I: Eyewitness Guides

By Simon Adams

A well illustrated pictorial history of the Great War. Includes a special spread on Gallipoli.

The Boys Who Came Home

By Harvey Broadbent.

A look at Gallipoli through the eyes of the officers and soldiers who made it home.

The Great World War 1914-45

By John Bourne, Peter Liddle and Ian Whitehead.

An interesting new angle on the era of war in the early 20th Century. It links both conflicts apart of the one great war and includes a special chapter on the amphibious landings at Gallipoli and what impact they had on planning for the biggest amphibious landings in history at Normandy on D-Day 1944.

The First World War

By Martin Gilbert

An excellent overview of the war with a chapter devoted to the Gallipoli campaign.

Places

Australian War Memorial - Canberra

There are special displays and education programs devoted to Gallipoli and the Anzacs. For details check out the website at www.awm.gov.au

Videos

Australians at War

Tells the story of Australia’s wartime experiences over the last 100 years. Combining never-before-seen archival film and stills, interviews and newly filmed sequences. Episode 2 concentrates on World War One and Gallipoli. Available from ABC shops http://shop1.abc.net.au/index.asp